The laboratory of natural evolution
Also known as the Enchanted Islands, the Galapagos archipelago is one of the main attractions in Ecuador. This archipelago is formed by thirteen greater islands, six smaller islands, 42 islets and several rocks. It is known by its endemic species of plants and animals, such as the famous giant tortoises, iguanas, finches, mockingbirds, penguins, cormorants, lizards, sharks, etc. A true laboratory of evolution, the islands are accessible by a 2-½ hour plane trip from the Pacific coast or the Andes. The islands with tourism infrastructure are Santa Cruz, San Cristobal and Isabela. There are many options for people interested in visiting the islands, from staying at a hotel, to a liveaboard cruise ship to small boats.
There are two climatic seasons: the dry season, from June to December, and the warm season, from December to May. The temperature varies between 15 °C and 32 °C (59 °F – 89.6 °F).